TEACHER'S AND STUDENT'S ROLES

“One of the most difficult aspects of PBL for teachers is to learn how to be less teacher-centered.”(Tavares and Potter, 2018). This is one of the main aspects that has changed in the 21st century classroom. Students take the stand.

Throughout the project teachers perform various different roles. One can divide them into three different stages. Pre-project stage, during-project stage and after-project stage.

Pre-project:
   • Teachers should first be sure that the topic is engaging and meaningful and come up with an intriguing Driving Question.
   • Define schedule and deadlines
   • Define language learning objectives
During project:
   • Guidance and monitoring
   • Facilitate discussions
   • Present language
   • Make sure students are on track
   • Assess students work
Post-project
   • Analyse outcome
   • Evaluate and give feedback
   • Celebrate

As mentioned above, the students take the stand. We can also divide the roles into the same three stages.

Pre project
   • Brainstorm ideas and define objectives
During project
   • Come up with sub-questions
   • Research
   • Work collaboratively
   • Design and apply rubrics
   • Self assess
   • Use target language
   • Decide on final presentation
Post-project
   • Analyse outcome
   • Give feedback to other groups and listen to feedback
   • Celebrate

Bibliografia
Tavares, J and Potter ,L (2018)– Project Based Learning applied to the Language classroom



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