ELT GLOSSARY

21st Century Skills

Set of competencies believed to be important to develop in schools in order to help children thrive in today's world.

Applied Linguistics

Field of research and practice dealing with practical problems of language and communication that can be identified, analysed or solved by applying available theories, methods and results of Linguistics or by developing new theoretical and methodological frameworks in Linguistics to work on these problems.

BE

Bilingual Education

Bilingualism

speaking and understanding two different languages

CALL

Computer Assisted Language learning

CEFR

Common European Framework of Reference for Languages. A comprehensive framework of language proficiency.

CELTA

Certificate in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages

Classroom Management

skills related to organization, student discipline, and planning which enable teachers to conduct their classes more easily and smoothly.

Classroom Observation

practice in which a teacher trainer or senior educator observes specific asppects of another teacher's class and later provides the observee with some feedback.

CLIL

Content Language Integrated Learning - a term coined by David Marsh which refers to teachers others subjects through a foreign Language having then a dual focused aim.

Communicative Approach

approach that focuses primarily on teaching a language using real communication contexts and encouraging students to interact using real-life communication strategies.

Controlled practice

teaching strategy used to practice chunks of language in a limited way, with focus on accuracy and repetition.

CPD

Continuing Professional Development - a must for all in the education Business . Never stop learning

Delta

Diploma in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages

DOS

Director of Studies

Driving question

it is the starting point of a project based class. It sets the tone and guides students and teachers through the whole project. They shoudl always be open ended questions with the intent of solving a problem

EAP

English for Academic Purposes

EFL

English as a Foreign Language

EGP

English for General Purposes

ELF

English as a Lingua Franca

ELL

English Language Learners

ELT

English Language Teaching

ESL

English as a Second Language

ESP

English for Specific Purposes

Extensive Reading

Reading practice that consists of reading large amounts of materials having meaning as its aim and without the use of tests or fomal language work.

Flipped Classroom

approach to teaching in which students study the content on their own and use classroom time to actively apply and discuss what they have studied with the teacher's help.

Graded Readers

Books with language levels simplified to help second language readers.

IB

International Baccalaureate

ICT

Information and communication Technology

Intensive Reading

reading in detail with specific learning aims and tasks.

K12

Kindergarden until 12th grade

L1

First Language

L2

Second Language

Language Prompts

prompts are input teachers give students to produce any chunk of language. They can be visual, oral or written.

Learning Stations

teacher prepares different activities disposed in different areas of the classroom (stations), through which students, in groups, rotate during the class.

Lexical Approach

analyses the language based on chunks of language instead grammatical structures. The units are words, chunks formed by collocations or fixed phrases.

NNEST

Non-Native English Speaking Teacher

NNS

Non Native Speaker

PBL - Project Based Learning

teaching approach in which students gain knowledge and skills by working for an extended period of time to investigate and respond to an authentic, engaging, and complex question, problem, or challenge. (BIE - http://www.bie.org/about/what_pbl)

Peer observation

practice in which one teacher observes another in order to have different ideas and insights, or to help each other with specific issues.

Rubrics

set of guidelines that present descriptions of what is expected from each level during assessment.

Scaffolding

strategies and techniques used by the teacher in order to help students move toward better understanding and internalization of certain a certain content.

Self-assessment

practice in which students analyze their own performance and design action plans to improve in the areas they need.

STT

Student talking Time

TEFL

Teaching English as a Foreign Language

TKT

Teacher Knowledge Test

TPR

Total Physical Response

TTT

Teacher Talking Time

YL

Young Learners

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